Paulo Frerie believed in oppression, freedom, and critical approaches to education. he wanted to make literacy accessible while also discarding traditional pedagogical methods and incorporate the needs and lives of students in the classroom. we can do this by having students recognize the issues in our world and make connections to other students lives. we an also better the curriculum to adhere to a more global learning environment.
Schon was into reflection and its impact on learning. I feel like we use him a lot in education especially our own as teachers we have to reflect on everything we do. He wanted to understand how reflection leads to bettering the individual and the relationship between theory and practice.
Kolb focuses on experiential learning theory. he was curious about how people learn better through experience and how that shapes the learning process. he was able to figure out how we can tell students apart by different learning styles and realized that not all students learn the same and one way students learn is through experience and hands on learning.
Vygotsky contributed to education by scaffolding students through collaborative learning projects. He let the children experience the variety of cultural tools for new learning and problem solving experiences through games to have children interact with other students using language. He wanted to wait to teach children until they are able to understand and allowed play to be used with language in the classroom.
Skinner was the father of operant conditioning. He used it to improve positive behavior in the classroom. For example he gave students rewards and praise when they display behavior that is beneficial to their learning. he believed that positive reinforcement is more effective than negative reinforcement. His work is used a lot in how we discipline students and how to have a healthy classroom teacher relationship.
Bruner asked the question how does a child’s environment affect how they learn and through his research found that teachers should be aware of their opinions and their own practice when dealing with a learner. We can implement spiral learning and use discovery in the classroom. he believed that the teacher is a motivator and catalyst in the classroom.
Montessori is a method of child-centered learning that focuses on the child individually. she started out by working with special education students and applying this method to a whole school. This type of school is all around and students get to work alongside there peers at different paces with more one on one with the teacher. Piaget is a psychologist that came up with the 4 stages of development. He applied this to how students learn in schools and used this as the base of his philosophy.
John Dewey method of teaching was a learner-centered philosophy and reflection based. You can apply him in your classroom by having your students almost teach themselves and the teacher becomes more of a facilitator. His method was used quite a bit in England and places around there. He was involved a lot in the politics of education and his method was used and favored more when the politics were going a certain way.
My unit plan is still in the planning stages because I do not feel like I can fully focus and put all my energy into it until I have time to work on it. I will be doing a unit plan on parts of speech and will break it into 4 or 5 days of 45 minutes each. I plan to use some worksheets as a guideline and then come up with games and videos and fun sayings to remember all the parts and how to use them. I want to have the students make a final project as part of their assessment for this unit. I feel like I still need to do a lot of research and find things that could work for my 4th grade classroom. I will also need to find the standards for teaching this to the age of students I intend to work with.
Eats, Shoots and Leaves by Truss is about how to properly use grammar such as punctuation and commas. Truss does this in a funny and sometimes sarcastic way. She tells stories and gives plenty of examples to get her point across. This book could be a good resource for my students in a future classroom if I ever taught at a higher level. In class, Emily brought a children’s version of this book and I found that very cute and funny. This book was interesting because it narrowed the book down to just commas and focused on why we use commas and what it would illustrate if we misused those or did not use them at all. This book I would read to my students before a grammar lesson as a good laugh to get the energy and positive attitudes about grammar.
In the second chapter of this book, it talks about the significance of culture and social problems that could occur in your unit plans. You have to be aware of some of the information and sensitivity of the students you are teaching in your classroom. The rationale paper is a big part of why you are teaching this unit in the first place and is usually the first thing you start with. This paper is the main point of your unit and can be used to explain to students why you are teaching this out of everything else. In the third chapter, the book discusses outlining the unit plan. You have to lay out your goals and objectives and the main things you need and plan to do during each lesson in the unit. I can use these topics in my own unit plan and cause use the book to guide me in the right direction.
In the first chapter, we read from “The Basics of Unit Design” by Smagorinsky, there was the main things that should be included in a unit plan. The things you should think about when making a lesson plan are important you and your students. You have to figure out a proper way to include the standards and teach what you need your students to learn but you want the lessons to be fun and engaging. This chapter tells you the basic things that have to be included and why. Also for the unit plan I am creating I think I am doing a parts of speech review. I will have individual lessons on each part and try to come up with interesting ways to teach these. Creating this unit plan will be a first for me so I am excited to get started but also nervous because we don’t have a true guide to follow.
The appendix of the book takes about everything they couldn’t cover in the previous chapters.Somethings that caught my attention were that learning grammar is a process and we can’t expect it to happen overnight. Also we don’t always know the answers and its OK to tell our students we don’t know. The rest of the book talks more about suffixes and punctuation. Using the games and activities provided could be a smart way to give the knowledge of grammar to our students. Worksheets that we receive are about sentence diagramming. this will be fun to discuss with the class and work on. We as teachers always need to be learning and these work sheets teach us or refresh what we need to know.
The article “Grammar Games in the Age of Anti-Remediation” she give a lot of fun ways to teach grammar and make it fun. This is a way to learn without worksheets and I could incorporate this into my lesson plans so my students could have fun with grammar. The book covers punctuation and what nouns, verbs, and adjectives are. These grammar things are important for our students to know but we don’t want them to just learn the rules and not be able to apply them to there own writing. through there writings is one of the best ways to identify what they wrote and why they used that punctuation. In class we took our own writings and tried to find some of these things. This made me more aware of what i was writing and how it sounded.